Thursday, May 19, 2011

Rome #2

The following three sources are very hepful when doing research about Rome.  All of these sites possess both pictures and explanations that describe what was going on during this time period.  Also inside of each website there are other links that may lead you to other informational sources as well.  Each of the individual sources is from a reliable site in which you can receive accurate facts instead of things people just posted on the interenet on their own.  In conclusion i would advise anyone doing studies on Rome to begin with these sources to set you off on the right foot.

Monday, May 16, 2011

Rome #1

  1. Forum was the center of all government business
  2. Farmers and workers who made up the majority of the population were called plebeians.
  3. Landowners who controlled the government through inherited positions were called patricians.
  4. Dictator had absolute power.
  5. The Chief executives who governed with the advice of the Senate were he consuls.
  6. Carthage a powerful city on the north African coast, was a great commerical power that Rome feared would control the Mediterranean.
  7. Historians call the conflicts between Carthage and Rome the Punic Wars.
  8. Rome and Carthage fought three Punic Wars between 264 B.C and 146 B.C.
  9. One of the greatest generals of all time Hannibal  a Carthaginian, assembled a huge army and harried the Roman countryside for years.
  10.  In the Second Punic War, the Roman general Scipio defeated the Hannibal and his army and forced Carthage to give up its colonies in Spain.
  11. Marc Anthony helped Octavian gain control of the west, but he betrayed me and defeated me at Actium.
  12. Triumverate means ruler of three.
  13. Pax Romana was a period of peace that lasted for more than 200 years.
  14. Julius Caesar led his troops across the Rubicon and declared war on the Republic.
  15. The gracchi were brothers who attempted to save the Roman Republic through reforms.
  16. As a result of this extended peace, the Romans made great cultural advances.
  17. The government passed new laws as needed and judges reinterpreted old laws to fit new circumstances.
  18. Growing trade, good transportation, a strong government, revised laws, and a strong army all helped to unify and strengthen the Roman Empire.
  19. Over time, Roman religious beliefs were increasingly influenced by Greek thought.
  20. Gladiators were trained fighters and their fights most often ended in death.
  21. Rabbis were Jewish scholars who interpreted scriptures and were learned in Jewish laws, and became the leaders of Jewish congregations.
  22. The Romans sacked the Jewish holy city of Jerusalem and destroyed all but the western wall of the Second Temple.
  23. Many people turned to Christianity in the times of trouble that followed the reign of the Five Good Emperors, and soon the sect became too large for the government to punish all its members.
  24. The emperor Hadrian banned all Jews from Jerusalem, which resulted in Jewish communities outside of Jerusalem.
  25. Soon after his trial, Jesus was crucified.
  26. Inflation was  a rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money, became so severe that people stopped using money.
  27. The emperor Diocletian thought the empire had grown too large for one emperor and appointed a co-emperor to rule the West.
  28. In A.D. 324, Constantine became the sole emperor again and built a beautiful capital city in the East.
  29. Although Diocletian and Constantine held the empire's borders, invaders from Germany were a constant threat as they fled from the Huns.
  30. The Vandals a Germanic tribe, proved to be a serious threat and sacked Rome around A.D. 455.